India Data Commons


India Data Commons provides India-level data aggregated from a wide range of sources into a single portal under a common schema. India Data Commons is powered by Data Commons

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ENERGY


India has been adopting sustainable energy alternatives for the past few years. Clean Energy initiatives by the Ministry of New & Renewable Energy has pushed India to 4th Global Position ↗ in for overall installed renewable energy capacity. Wind (48%) and Solar Energy (36%) are the two biggest sources of Renewable Energy Generation ↗ in India. Yet, India still uses Coal for 74% of its electricity generation ↗ and we have a long way to go to successfully adopt the sustainable energy model.

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WATER QUALITY


One of the major water quality issues in metropolitan areas is water hardness. Groundwater stations in New Delhi , Chennai and Mumbai are measuring water hardness well above the permissible levels (>180mg/L is considered very hard↗). But many cities are taking steps to improve their water quality indicators. Due to the regulatory steps taken by Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai↗ (MCGM), many water quality parameters like Chloride, pH are at permissible levels in Mumbai and Mumbai Suburban districts. Gujarat is becoming a global hub of chemical manufacturing, and Ahmedabad, Gujarat's biggest city, is witnessing high levels of Total Dissolved Solids. TDS values greater than 1200mg/L render the water unfit for consumption↗.

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HEALTH


India has been working towards betterment of its health infrastructure. Infant mortality rate has declined more than 50% in the past decade and the gap between male and female infant mortality rates is closing. Health behavior is also showing appreciable trends in some cases. Smoking prevalence is dropping among Indian adult males.

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ECONOMY


The Indian economy has been witnessing a steep increase in GDP per capita for the past couple of decades. After the launch of Make In India initiative in 2014, the domestic companies enjoyed a boost in market capitalization. Despite that, the unemployment rate (both urban and rural) grew over twice its value in the past decade. Manipur has the highest working population whereas Bihar houses the highest non-working population in India.

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EDUCATION


According to the 2011 Census, India enjoys an overall literacy rate of 74% - a 10% increase from 2001 Census. 9.1% of Indian adults over 25 years hold a bachelor’s degree or higher education qualification whereas the fraction of same group with tertiary education occupies 9.9% of the total population for that age group. Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) denotes the fraction of high school students enrolling into colleges. All India Survey on Higher Education tells us that GER for the year 2019-20 is 27.1 ↗.

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DEMOGRAPHICS


India is the world's second most populous country with a population of over 1.2 billion.
The population growth rate has been in steady decline for decades now. The ratio between urban and rural population has changed considerably in the last 20 years. The ratio grew from 1:3 to 1:2 during the period of 1999-2019. Life expectancy has increased by 45% in the past 50 years. Child labour is in decline for the past decade.

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